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AI Tornado Airsoft Impact Grenade RED

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Item Code:
AC-AI-IMPACT-R
Guns Styles / Models:
Airsoft Launchers Grenades Mines
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Model: Tornado Airsoft Grenade
 

AI Tornado Airsoft Impact Grenade Red
- Discharge Velocity: Between 65fps-140fps (first to last shot)
- Loaded Weight: 260g
- Width: 2.125"
- Triggers at one inch drop to floor!
- Propane powered! Can be configured for HFC134a too
- Completely re-useable. Just reload bbs and gas!
- Blast 200 BBs 360 degrees!
- ONE YEAR Manufacturer Warranty.
Add the Tornado Impact to your arsenal of Tornado Grenades. The Impact grenade explodes on impact, compared to the Timer grenade that offers set back times of 1.5 or 3 seconds. The Impact Tornado explodes immediately once it hits a hard surface - from as little as one inch away on concrete, but will hold - even with the pin pulled - when you shake it aggressively in your hand!

Incredible blast radius and coverage for full strikes in a room. Invented, tried, and tested by airsoft players. Virtually indestructible, one-piece design.

How It Works: The Tornado Grenade
Preamble:

For some time I wrestled with the idea of publishing this "How it Works" article. On one hand I didn't want to hand over a couple years of R&D to some clone shop. On the other, I do want to help my end users come to a practical appreciation of how their Tornado grenade works. In the end I realize that an elegant product usually ends up being simple enough to reverse engineer so I might as well provide a well photographed and clear explanation of how my product works before too much misinformation crops up. My patent will be enforceable soon and I have to admit that manufacturing these things is a bit of a bugger for me and I designed the damn thing so maybe that'll keep out the copyshops.

This article is the first of a few practical articles I plan to publish on my Tornado grenade. It will set the stage for a troubleshooting guide that I am working on as well as a maintenance video.





Parts Glossary

Please familiarize yourself with this annotated section photograph. All of the parts in the Tornado will be referred to by the names indicated here.

Zones of the Tornado Grenade:

Delay chamber
Reservoir
Manifold
BB spirals

Parts of the Tornado Grenade

Bumper: Rubber bumper with integral plug and plug lanyard
Top Cap: Machined aluminum cap which provides timing delay functions
Delay Restrictor: Partially blocked opening in the TC which acts as a timebase for the grenade delay
Shuttle: Grenade SuperPart! The most complicated part which participates in timing, gas storage, gas filling, and firing processes
Fill Valve: Brass valve screwed into the core of the shuttle
Upper Delay Seal: Rubber seal sealing between the reservoir and the delay chamber
Lower Fire Seal: Rubber seal sealing between the reservoir and the manifold
Stem Orings: Orings on the stem of the shuttle
Body Tube: Machined aluminum tube which holds all the pneumatics together

Phases of Operation

The Tornado has several phases of operation. This section will describe these phases in sequence starting from a loaded state with the pull pin inserted into the 3s delay hole in the TopCap through timing stages, ending with firing stage. The last part of this section will describe how the timing pneumatics are reset before refilling with gas.

1. Initial State: Loaded and pinned

In this state the shuttle stem is firmly pressed against the pull pin. The shuttle has two flanges of different diameter. The upper delay seal has a larger seating diameter than the lower fire seal. This gives the UDS a larger cross sectional area than the LFS. Pressure contained in the reservoir applies equally to all of the surfaces inside the reservoir (i.e. 120psi acting in all directions), but the larger area of the UDS results in a higher force acting on that seal than the force acting on the LFS.

The force applied by pressure on a surface is described by the pressure, acting in units of force per unit area, multiplied by the area it's applied to. In the case of the shuttle, the forces acting on the UDS and LFS are in opposite directions (pulling the shuttle flanges apart from each other) but the UDS force is higher which results in a net force which pushes the shuttle upwards against the pin.

2. Intermediate State: Pin pulled and shuttle moving

The net force pushing the shuttle upwards gets the shuttle to move which compresses a volume of air in the delay chamber. This volume is trapped between the UDS pushing upwards and the orings on the shuttle
stem. Initially, the shuttle moves fairly quickly until the delay chamber air is compressed until the pressure on the upper side of the UDS counters the net force acting on the shuttle. The trapped air in the delay chamber is allowed to leak slowly out of the delay restrictor which acts as a time base for the grenades timing delay. Pressurized air leaks out of the delay chamber via the DR.


3. End of delay State (delay blowout): Shuttle oring stem clears small bore in Top Cap

When the lower oring on the shuttle stem clears the shoulder between the small and large diameters in the stepped bore in the top cap, a secondary outlet is provided for the air trapped in the delay chamber. Previously the only outlet for air in the delay chamber was through the DR. When the lower oring clears the shoulder into the larger bore, a comparatively large gap opens which allows the remaining delay chamber air to escape rapidly. This removes the pressure balancing the net force on the shuttle and allows the shuttle to rapidly snap upwards until it bears against the top cap.

In summary, when the shuttle moves far enough, the stem orings act as an opening valve which allows the delay chamber air to rapidly escape at a particular position thereby allowing the shuttle to rapidly move. There are two stem orings, but their functions are essentialy similar. They provide sealing between the stem and the small bore in the topcap. Two are used to provide as seal over most of the travel of the shuttle stem.

Setting the delay pin to a shorter delay setting reduces the amount of air initially in the delay chamber which reduces the amount of time before the shuttle reaches the delay blowout position.

4. Firing State (reservoir blowout): Air completely vented from delay chamber

When the shuttle rapidly snaps upwards, the LFS is pulled into the larger bore of the body tube. This opens up a gap around the LFS and allows gas to dump into the manifold and pressurize the bb spirals and things get exciting fast. Proxy spherical schrapnel rockets out of the spiral passages which causes the grenade to breakdance and fun is had
by all.

Expanding gas pushes into the side holes in the body tube. If the valve cover is removed, there's an even bigger opening which vents gas outside of the grenade instead of pressurizing the bb spirals. If the grenade is overpressurized, and the relief valve in the shuttle doesn't pop, the rubber bung in the valve cover is pushed inside out and it pops out of the valve cover providing a failsafe pressure release.


5. Valve resetting: delay plug is pulled out of topcap and valve tool bears against shuttle stem

Before resetting the delay plug is pulled out to provide an unrestricted opening to allow air to flow into the delay chamber when the shuttle is being reset. Don't forget to put this plug back in or you'll leave this large unrestricted opening which will immediately put the grenade into delay blowout when you pull the pin.



Whew! Thanks for reading this far. I'm working on the next article in this series: troubleshooting your grenade. The first step is to understand how things work before diving into tearing things apart. Unfortunately producing this content is a lengthy process, but I'm working hard to bring it to publication.
Tornado Grenade Trouble Shooting Guide

Preamble:
A LOT of grenades are in use now and we've helped quite a few users through some technical difficulties with our product. We realize that our product is one that requires more maintenance than most airsoft products and it's operation has a few funny quirks that are new to most airsofters. This article is a compendium of our experience with trouble shooting that can be done with tools that most players have access to. This article is a work in progress. Further content is being worked on to be added in future.

Parts Glossary:
Please familiarize yourself with this annotated section photograph. All of the parts in the Tornado will be referred to by the names indicated here.

Zones of the Tornado Grenade:

Delay chamber
Reservoir
Manifold
BB spirals

Parts of the Tornado Grenade:

Bumper: Rubber bumper with integral plug and plug lanyard
Top Cap: Machined aluminum cap which provides timing delay functions
Delay Restrictor: Partially blocked opening in the TC which acts as a timebase for the grenade delay
Shuttle: Grenade SuperPart! The most complicated part which participates in timing, gas storage, gas filling, and firing processes
Fill Valve: Brass valve screwed into the core of the shuttle
Upper Delay Seal: Rubber seal sealing between the reservoir and the delay chamber
Lower Fire Seal: Rubber seal sealing between the reservoir and the manifold
Stem Orings: Orings on the stem of the shuttle
Body Tube: Machined aluminum tube which holds all the pneumatics together



Grenade Malfunctions:


Long Delay or Seized Delay:


1. Grenade is cold from filling. Please allow 5 minutes immediately after filling before testing your grenade. Grenades should be at room temperature (~20C) for best effect.

2. Grenade requires lubricant. Grenades must be lubricated with two drops of Tornado Grenade oil (not GunGas GBB oil) once every two deployments. GunGas GBB oil has a very low viscosity and does not provide sufficient lubrication for Tornado Grenades. Do NOT use Tornado Grenade oil as a GBB maintenance oil as it will coat the barrel with a heavy goo which will affect your GBBs performance until you clean it out. Tornado and GunGas oils are not interchangeable.

Be sure to get the lubricant deep inside the grenade past the exposed piston edge.

It is important to let the oil drip past the upper fire seal so the oil gets right inside the reservoir chamber of the grenade. When you fill your grenade with propane, the liquid charge will dissolve the oil and carry it to the upper delay seal. Oil which does not get into the reservoir will only lubricate the lower fire seal. If your shuttle does not move smoothly, try this lubrication scheme:

- drip 4x drops of Tornado oil in one spot at the edge of the piston under the valve cover
- hold grenade upside down for 2 minutes to allow oil to flow into reservoir chamber (you can put your grenade upside down in a coffee mug as a holder)
- reset shuttle valve and set grenade for 3s delay
- fill grenade with propane and shake it for 10s to circulate liquid propane and lubricant

3. Incorrect Propellant or Insufficient Propellant

Most Tornado Grenades are tuned for propellant that exerts 120psi. In most cases, propane is the correct propellant at most playing temperatures. Most propellants packaged as "Green Gas" are primarily propane and are suitable, but some brands contain a significant amount of butane which can reduce fill pressure. Since most players are unable to make direct pressure measurements on their propellants, we suggest this general rule of thumb: use propellants that can propel a 0.2g pellet to 300+ fps out of a stock GBB. We are working on a list of propellants indicating fill pressures of popular airsoft propellants to help our grenade users pick appropriate propellants.

Grenades meant for distribution to Japan are tuned to work with gas exerting 75psi at 20C (HFC134a). These grenades are marked "LP" on the topcap to indicate that they are tuned for a low pressure propellant. LP grenades do not work properly with propane at room temperature as their delay will be very short.

It is important that you fill your grenades upside down with your fill bottle pointing downwards. There should be a charge of liquid in the fill bottle. You should be able to detect an amount of liquid swishing around your bottle if you shake it gently.

4. Leaking delay seal

If the upper delay seal is damaged, compressed gas from the reservoir can leak past the delay seal into the delay chamber. Gas leaking into the delay chamber can increase the pressure in the delay chamber and reduce the net force acting on the shuttle.

Testing for this condition is fairly easy with the following procedure:
-set delay for 3s and fill reservoir with gas
-remove delay plug
-replace delay plug -wait 5min
-remove delay plug and listen for an escape of gas out of the delay plug opening

A leaking delay seal can be diagnosed if there is an audible whoosh of gas from the delay plug port when you remove the delay plug. If this condition is present, disassemble your grenade and clean the upper delay seal before reassembling it.

Be sure to use the seal shrouds when reassembling your grenade as jamming a shuttle past the sharp topcap threads in the valve body tube is the most likely cause of damage to a shuttle seal. Carefully clean the interior of your valve body tube before threading in the topcap to remove metal burrs or debris which may prevent the upper delay seal from sealing to the inside of the body tube. Do not scratch the inside of the body tube with sharp tools as scratches to the sealing surfaces of the body tube can cause leakage at the upper delay seal.

If cleaning the body tube and upper delay seal does not fix a leaking delay seal and there are no scratches to the body tube, the shuttle assembly must be replaced. Unfortunately the upper delay seal cannot be replaced as is an integral part of the shuttle.

5. Fouled delay restrictor

The delay restrictor is the time base which determines how long your Tornado grenade "ticks" before it blows up. It is a controlled air restriction which gradually leaks air while the shuttle slowly moves. Flushing of the restrictor is required if it gets fouled with silicone oil (say you accidentally put oil in the delay chamber). The delay restrictor can be flushed with a mild solution of water soluble detergent followed by a water rinse.

Short or No Delay (Grenade blows up too soon):

1. Rubber delay plug is not pushed down or is popping out:

The rubber delay plug closes a large diameter hole in the topcap. If this plug does close this opening, air from the delay chamber is given an easy escape which prevents the delay feature from working properly. Check your grenades operation carefully to determine if the plug is not being replaced due to user error or if the plug is blowing out spontaneously. The delay plug should be retained by a shoulder feature in the topcap hole that it sits in. When pulling the plug out you should feel some resistance before it pops free. If this feature is missing from your topcap and you can confirm that the delay plug blows out, replacement of the topcap is necessary.

2. Damaged shuttle stem orings:
Damage to the orings on the shuttle stems may allow air from the delay chamber to leak out when the pin is pulled. Leaking shuttle stem seals provide an alternate path for air to escape through which may significantly reduce the time delay on your grenade.

Inspect your stem origs for damage or dirt contamination by disassembling and cleaning your grenade:

The most likely cause of a leaking stem oring is dirt contamination of one or both orings, but it is possible to damage an oring with a partial pin pull. In some infrequent cases, it is possible to accidentally partially pull a pin such that it sticks in the topcap such that the end scratches across the shuttle stem and the orings. Look for damage to the shuttle stem (a deep scratch) and orings.

3. Dirty topcap oring or body tube seating:

Contamination or damage to the top of the body tube can prevent an airtight seal to the body tube. Air leakage past the topcap oring provides a secondary escape of air from the delay chamber which can reduce grenade delay. Disassemble and clean topcap threads, threads on the body tube, and the oring seating area before reassembling to fix this issue. Be careful not to scratch or damage the oring seating area with sharp tools.

How to set your airsoft grenade timer


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